APJ Abdul Kalam Essay in English: Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was an eminent Indian Scientist and administrator. He was a great leader with visionary ideas. In this article, you are going to read two essays on APJ Abdul Kalam. So, let’s begin.
APJ Abdul Kalam Essay: 300+ Words
Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, also known as A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was born on October 15, 1931 in a middle-class Tamil Family in Rameswaram, Tamilnadu. His father Jainulabdeen was a boat owner and his mother, Ashiamma, was a housemaker. Kalam was the youngest of his siblings. He started working at an early age to help his father in maintaining his family. He used to distribute newspapers to contribute to his family income.
Though Kalam’s father wasn’t educated, he wanted Kalam to study. Kalam was a bright and hardworking student. After completing his school education form Schwartz High School he got admitted to Saint Joseph’s College, Tiruchirappalli. From the college he graduated in Physics in 1954. Then he went to Madras to study aerospace engineering from Madras Institute of Technology (MIT).
In 1960, Kalam completed his graduation from MIT and joined Defence research and development organization (DRDO) as a scientist. One of his projects at DRDO was to design a small helicopter for the Indian Army. In 1969 he joined Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) and became the project director of Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-Ill). Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam was known as the Missile Man of India for his great contribution to the development of India’s missile projects – Agni, Prithivi, Trisul etc.
From July 1992 to December 1999, he served a the Chief Scientific Advisor to the Prime Minister and Secretary of DRDO. In 1998 he developed a low-cost coronary stent known as ‘Kalam-Raju Stent’. Kalam served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. Due to his immense popularity, he was called the People’s President.
Dr. Kalam was bestowed with various awards & honors. He got Padma Bhushan in 1981 and Padma Vibhushan in 1990. In 1997 he was conferred with India’s highest civilian award, Bharat Ratna. He was also conferred with the Degree of Doctorate by 40 Universities. His 79th birthday was recognized as ‘World Students Day’.
He authored several books including Mission India, The luminous Sparks, Wings of Fire, India 2020: A Vision for the new Millennium, Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power Within India, Target 3 Billion etc.
Kalam used to interact with young people & children all over the country and encouraged them with his motivational speeches. He died on 27th July 2015 at the age of 83. With his death, we lost a visionary leader of our country. However, he continues to live in the hearts of Indians.
DR. APJ Abdul Kalam Essay: 500+ Words
Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, Popularly known as A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was born on October 15, 1931 into a Tamil Muslim family in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu. His father, Jainulabudeen, was a boat owner. His mother, Ashiamma, Was a Housewife.
By his early childhood, Kalam’s family was struggling to make ends meet. Hence, Kalam, from an early age, took to selling newspapers to supplement his family’s income.
Kalam completed his school education from the Schwartz Higher Secondary School. After completing his schooling, he got admitted to Saint Joseph’s College in Tiruchirappalli. He completed his graduation in physics in 1954.
In 1955 he went to Madras to study aerospace engineering from the Madras Institute of Technology (MIT).
Career As a Scientist
After completing his course in aerospace engineering from MIT, Chennai in 1960, he joined Aeronautical Development Establishment of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) as a scientist. At the beginning of his career, he designed a small helicopter for the Indian Army.
In 1969, Kalam joined the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) as a project director of India’s first indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-lll). Kalam’s efforts in developing the projects on SLV-lll and Polar SLV from 1970s to 1990s met with success.
He played a vital organizational role in India’s Pokhran-ll nuclear tests in 1998.
From July 1992 to December 1999, he was the secretary of the Defence Research and Development Organization and also the Chief Scientific Advisor to the prime minister.
Kalam is also known as the Missile Man of India for his contribution to the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology.
Leading the Country
Kalam served as the eleventh President of India from July 25, 2002 to July 25, 2007. During his term as the president of the world’s largest democracy-India-he was affectionately known as the People’s President.
He is known for his inspiring speeches and interaction with the student community in India. His immense popularity led to him being nominated by MTV for a Youth Icon of the Year award in 2003 and 2006.
Kalam, the Author
Kalam is also famous for his writings. His popular books are-
- Turning Points: A journey through challenges
- Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power Within India
- Inspiring Thoughts
- My Journey: Transforming Dreams into Actions
- India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium
- Wings of Fire: An Autobiography
- Target 3 Billion
- You Are Born To Blossom: Take My Journey Beyond
- Envisaging an empowered Nation
Awards & Honours
In 1981, the Government of India honored him with the Padma Bhushan. He got Padma Vibhushan in 1990 for his work with ISRO and DRDO.
In 1997, India’s highest civilian honor, the Bharat Ratna, was bestowed upon him for his contribution to research and modernization of defence technology in India.
His other prestigious awards include National Nehru Award, Dr. Biren Roy Space Award etc. He was also conferred with the degree of honorary doctorate by forty universities.
Dr. Kalam was a person who taught, motivated and inspired millions across India and also the world. The great leader died on 27th July 2015 at the age of 83. But he has remained alive as a hero who never dies.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on APJ Abdul Kalam
Q. Why was Dr. Kalam was called the ‘Missile Man of India’
Abdul Kalam was called Missile Man of India for developing world-class missiles like Agni, Trisul, Prithvi, Akash, etc.
Q. How did APJ Abdul Kalam die?
Abdul Kalam died On July 27, 2015, while delivering a lecture at the Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Shillong. He passed away due to a cardiac arrest.
Q. What kind of person was Dr. Abdul Kalam?
Though he achieved a lot in his life, he lived his life very simply. He used to spend time with children and students. He used to say “For great men, religion is a way of making friends; small people make religion a fighting tool.”